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Vaginal hyperplasia in a dog | VETgirl Veterinary CE Videos Blog

In this VETgirl online veterinary continuing education blog, we demonstrate what vaginal hyperplasia looks like in a dog. This is often seen in brachycephalic breeds (e.g., English bulldogs, boxers, etc.). While this is often called "hyperplasia," histologically, the swelling/mass-effect is often due to edema and fibroplasia.1 This is often seen during the bitch's first three estrus cycles.1 While spontaneous regression can occur during metestrus, there is a high risk of reoccurence.  Hyperplasia or masses associated with the vestibule or vagina can present as acute "mass" presentation. Ideally, the patients should be anesthetized, and have a urinary catheter placed, the hyperplastic mass removed (and biopsied) by episiotomy, and the patient spayed to help reduce reoccurence due to hormonal effects.

References:

1. Pettit GD. Vagina and Vulva. In Bojrab MJ, Ellison GW, Slocum B, eds. Current Techniques in Small Animal Surgery. pp 503.

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