Sep 21, 2020
Effects of emotional stress on urine protein:creatinine (UPC) ratios in dogs | VETgirl Veterinary Continuing Education Podcasts
In this VETgirl online veterinary CE podcast, we discuss the effects of emotional stress on urine protein:creatinine (UPC) ratios in dogs. We review a study by Citron et al entitled "Urine cortisol-creatinine and protein-creatinine ratios in urine samples from healthy dogs collected at home and in hospital."
Sep 14, 2020
Evaluation of outpatient canine parvovirus treatment in a low-cost, urban shelter-based veterinary clinic | VETgirl Veterinary Continuing Education Podcasts
In today's VETgirl online veterinary CE podcast, we review outpatient therapy for canine parvovirus (CPV). Canine parvovirus infections cause significant morbidity and mortality in young dogs, and unfortunately most small animal practitioners have observed first-hand the destruction this virus can cause. Dogs diagnosed with CPV can require intensive therapy and prolonged hospitalization, which can make this an expensive disease to treat. In this study by Perley and et al entitled "Retrospective evaluation of outpatient canine parvovirus treatment in a shelter-based low-cost urban clinic," an outpatient treatment protocol for CPV was evaluated in a low-cost urban clinic at which inpatient treatment was not possible and owners shared responsibility for patient care.
Aug 10, 2020
Plasma volume expansion after short-term steroids in cats | VETgirl Veterinary Continuing Education Podcasts
In today’s VETgirl veterinary CE podcast, we review whether plasma volume expansion occurs in cats after short-term steroid administration. Corticosteroids can have a multitude of effects on the cardiovascular system. Plasma volume is known to increase with corticosteroid administration in cats. Potential mechanisms for plasma volume expansion include mineralocorticoid effects (sodium and water retention via aldosterone receptor activity) and hyperglycemia (with subsequent osmotic fluid shifts) via insulin receptor resistance. Corticosteroids, both endogenous and exogenous, have been demonstrated to have direct effects on myocardial structure and function in humans and dogs, including increased left ventricular wall thickness and diastolic dysfunction. Finally, peripheral vasoconstriction due to corticosteroid activity on vascular smooth muscle may increase afterload.
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